CSRS and Medicare


Q. I retired in 2009 under CSRS. I am close to 65, and the answer to one of the questions asked states that people in CSRS are not eligible for Medicare because they didn’t pay into Social Security.

I was in CSRS before the change to FERS and stayed with CSRS. I had Medicare deductions taken from my pay from 1983-84 till I retired in 2009.

Do the Medicare funds I paid since 1983 make me eligible for Medicare or just part of it?

So which is right? I need to know so I can do what needs to be done — enroll or not. I’m currently insured under federal BCBS.

A. CSRS employees who retired before Dec. 31, 1983, aren’t eligible for Medicare Part A. Nor are CSRS employees who retired after that date but before having Medicare deductions taken from their pay for 10 years.

On the other hand, they are eligible to enroll in Medicare Part B, which is open to everyone 65 or older.


About Author

Reg Jones was head of retirement and insurance policy at the Office of Personnel Management. Email your retirement-related questions to fedexperts@federaltimes.com.


  1. Retired at age 72 after 30 years of service under csrs. Assume I was covered by both A and B. Also at age 70 was on on social security for 30 years and at age 70 social security began paying benefits to me while still working. Seemed dopey to me. Now note that OPM deducts medical from my pension which I am sure covers A and B. Also note that Social Security also also takes payment for part B from their payment. Seems social Security has taken about 1 K a year for about 18 years.

    Am I right an if so how would I recover the duplicate payment?

    Andy Ferenz

    • OPM Continues to deduct premiums for your Federal Employees Health Benefits coverage. It also deducted payments for Social Security Part A until you retired. After that deductions were no longer required for Part A. If you elected Medicare Part B, OPM deducts premiums from your annuity and sends them to the Social Security Administration. There weren’t any duplicate payments.

  2. i am 76 and now want to enroll in medicare as secondary coverage to my federal group health plan i am a csrs retiree and therefore have not paid into ss and will never collect ss. i am eligible for medicare . do i incur a penalty for enrolling now??

    • Retirees who are not covered by Social Security can enroll in Medicare Part A at age 65. If they do, they would pay a monthly premium of $437. Part B premiums would depend on you income level. To find out what it would cost you to enroll at your age, call Social Security at 1-800-772-1213.

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