Windfall elimination provision


Q. Does the WEP start when you sign up for Social Security or when you retire from your non-SS job?

A. First things first: Unless you have reached your full Social Security retirement age and are still working, any Social Security benefit you are entitled to would be reduced by $1 for every $2 you earn above the Social Security earning limit. In 2019 that limit is $17,640. Full Social Security retirement ages range from 65 to 67, depending on your year of birth.
After you retire, the windfall elimination provision would apply. The amount of Social Security benefit you’d be entitled to would depend on how many years of “substantial” earnings you have under Social Security. In 2019, you would have to earn $24,675 for those earnings to be considered substantial. The fewer years of Social Security-covered earnings, the greater the reduction in your Social Security benefit. For more information about the WEP, go to


About Author

Reg Jones was head of retirement and insurance policy at the Office of Personnel Management. Email your retirement-related questions to


  1. Thanks for your response. I read another column elsewhere that said WEP applied as soon as you began drawing SS, even if you were full SS age and were still working at your Federal job. As a CSRS-OFFSET employee subject to WEP, I plan to draw SS when I reach full SS retirement age and not retire as a Fed for a couple of years after that. I was looking forward to getting full SS for during that time. I know when I retire, WEP will reduce my SS drastically.

    • If you have fewer that 30 years of substantial earnings under Social Security, the WEP will reduce your benefit regardless of when you apply for it.

      • OK, now I am confused. If I am still working as a Fed under CSRS-Offset, but decide to draw SS once I reach full SS retirement age, you are saying the WEP applies then? I don’t see how SS can apply the WEP before I receive a Federal pension. I understand that the WEP will apply after I have retired as a Fed and am actually receiving a CSRS-Offset pension. I will have about 20 years paying into SS so know that the full WEP takes effect once I am retired as a Fed.

        • Sorry for the confusion. If you have reached full Social Security retirement age and are still working, you’ll receive any Social Security benefit to which you are entitled based on your work history. At retirement, that benefit will be affected by the WEP. Depending on your years of substantial earnings under Social Security, it might be reduced from what you were receiving before you retired.

  2. Clarity question, using this same scenario, if the individual retires under CSRS, but also earns a pension where he or she paid into SS, however…they opted not to receive SS until they have reached their FRA, would they still be penalized by the WEP reduction in the SS? So basically, does the WEP reduction apply regardless as to whether your age 62 or FRA?

  3. As a CSRS-offset for 36 years I retired as GS13 at FRA, had substantial SS for 50 years. I don’t plan to draw SS until max age of 70. I retired “early” to be CareGiver for my spouse – but don’t draw a salary for that. WEP takes about $1,400/month from my pension even though I don’t draw SS.
    Will having no income (work paying into SS) negatively affect what I draw from SS at 70 yrs old (total of 3 years “No income”)?

    • It is not WEP taking money from your CSRS-Offset pension. WEP only takes money from your SS. What’s happening to your pension is the “offset” part of CSRS-Offset. How that works is that whatever SS you earned WHILE A CSRS-OFFSET EMPLOYEE is “taken away” from your CSRS-Offset pension. There is a formula for it: SS monthly amount x years in CSRS-Offset/40

      That is what will be taken away from your CSRS-Offset pension. The more years you worked under CSRS-Offset, the greater SS you earned and the greater the “offset” against your CSRS-Offset pension.

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